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Captain Cook And The First Fleet

captain cook and the first fleet

    captain cook
  • "Captain Cook" is the first episode of Blackadder Goes Forth, the fourth series of the BBC sitcom Blackadder.

  • Cook: English navigator who claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain and discovered several Pacific islands (1728-1779)

  • Captain James Cook FRS RN ( – 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator and cartographer, ultimately rising to the rank of Captain in the Royal Navy.

    first fleet
  • First Fleet is the name given to the 11 ships which sailed from Great Britain on 13 May 1787 with about 1,487 people, including 778 convicts (192 women and 586 men ), to establish the first European colony in Australia, in New South Wales.

  • The First Fleet was a unit of the United States Navy, in operation from as early as 1946 (but definitely active by 1948 as the First Task Fleet) to 1 February 1973 in the western Pacific Ocean as part of the Pacific Fleet. In 1973 it was disestablished and its duties assumed by the Third Fleet.

  • comprising 11 ships and around 1350 people, was dispatched to the unknown continent—the only information about New South Wales was that from Captain James Cook's voyage of 1770.

IMG 9206 1

IMG 9206 1

The Bicentennial Monument at Brighton-Le-Sands Beach overlooking Botany Bay. It was erected here to commemorate the arrival of the First Fleet in Botany Bay on 18 January 1788.

Before the First Fleet, Captain James Cook, navigating in his ship, Endeavour, first landed Australia on 29 April 1770. The headland in the top left corner of this photo is the place where Captain James Cook landed.

Then, in 1788, Governor Arthur Phillip sailed the Armed Tender Supply, with 10 other ships (known as the First Fleet), into the Bay on18-20 January 1788. The First Fleet moved from the Bay to Port Jackson, Sydney on 26 January, 1788 in search for a suitable area for the settle of the convicts. The French exploratory ships led by Jean-Francois de La Perouse , also entered Botany on the morning of 24 January 1788.

Initially Captain Cook called the bay 'Sting Ray Harbour'. Subsequently, he named it Botany Bay due to the great quantity of plants Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander collected and sun-dried in this place. (Wikipedia)

Replica of HMB Endeavour and Sydney skyline

Replica of HMB Endeavour and Sydney skyline

Replica of Captain Cook's Endeavour - a former Whitby collier adapted for ocean-going exploration - contrasts with the twenty-first century skyline of Sydney. Cook and his shipmates, including Joseph Banks, were the first Englishmen to sight the east coast of Australia, landing at Botany Bay just south of Sydney in April 1770. Cook sailed past the entrance to Sydney Harbour but did not go in - this was left to Captain Arthur Phillip when he discovered that Botany Bay - much praised by Banks for its botanical wonders - was unsuitable for a convict settlement. The First Fleet entered Sydney Harbour in late January 1788 and the British settlement of Australia began. This action began the displacement of Aboriginal people - the first to feel the pressure of European settlement were the Cadigal people of the Sydney basin. This first sustained encounter between two cultures is now commemorated in Cadi Jam Ora, the Indigenous garden within the Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, the site of first settlement.

captain cook and the first fleet

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